Legio II Adiutrix
Pia Fidelis

( 2nd 'Support' or 'Helper' Legion, 'loyal & faithful' )

Historical Foundation:
Possibly recruited by Mucianus for Vespasian during his advance on Rome in the war between Vitellius and Vespasian from Marines of the Ravenna fleet. Given the honorifics of 'pia fidelis' (loyal & faithful) by Vespasian in recognition of their loyalty. Made iustae legionis troops in the winter of 69 - 70 A.D., but before March of 70 given the date on a diploma of 7 March 70. Their standard is the capricorn and they were awarded the pegasus by Vespasian. Also connected to this legion are a trident with dolphins twined about it from a grave stelae.

Permanent Bases:
I. 71 - 77? AD: Lindum, Brittania (Lincoln)
II. 77? - 87 AD: Deva, Britannia (Chester)
III. 87 - 102 AD: Acumincum or Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica), Pannonia
IV. 102 - 106 AD: Singidunum (Belgrade), Dacia
V. 106 - 5th C.: Aquincum (Budapest), Pannonia

70 AD: Suppressed the Batavian revolt of Julius Civilis at the battle of Xanten.
71 - 87 AD: In Britain, suppressed the Brigantes revolt under Venutius, and defeated the Ordivices including the occupation of the Isle of Mona (Anglesey).
102 - 106 AD: Fought in Trajan's Dacian campaigns.
117 - 136 AD: Various construction projects in Pannonia druing the reign of Hadrian including the road from Singidunum (Belgrade) to Aquincum (Budapest).
162 - 166 AD: Active in Lucius Verus' Parthian campaigns.
171 - 173 AD: Involved in Marcus Aurelius Marcomanni wars and sustained heavy losses requiring reinforcements from Legio III in Africa.
193 - 195 AD: Supported Septimius Severus in the civil war.
238 AD: Likely fought with Gordian III against the Sassanids.
269 AD: Also likely campaigned with Claudius II against the Goths.

Re-enactment Foundation:
Re-founded by Marcia Rutilia Severa in 2005. This legion appeals to me in part because of my own service as a US Marine, and the honorifics are similar...'Pia Fidelis' and 'Semper Fidelis'. We have decided to go with the concept of white tunics for legionaries and officers, and red ones for centurions. We have also decided to use the idea put forth by Fuentes that legions formed of naval units may have used blue scarves to honor their origins. We use ultramarine focale and sashes for this purpose.  Our scuta is blue with a vertical gold trident and a pair of dolphins twined about it above and below the boss. Vexilla are blue with "Leg II APF" on them, sometimes with a pegasus.

We celebrate the Deis Natalis at Yuletide in December...this being the likely time in which the legio classiariorum was raised to iustae legionis status. This would give them the Capricorn as a founding symbol.  In addition, the Pegasus is displayed, this emblem being given to them by Emperor Vespasian, perhaps at the time he awarded them the honorifics of 'Pia Fidelis'


Secundae Adiutrix went to Britain with Cerialis and five auxiliary units. It is believed they were first stationed at Lindum. When Agricola arrived he used them to break the Ordovices tribe in Snowdonia and finished what had been started and interrupted by Boudiccea's revolt in 60 AD; the assault and occupation of Mona. From there he began campaigning into Caledonia and this is where the interesting part occurs from a speculative point of view; Tacitus records that Agricola used the roman fleet in concert with the legions as he progressed northward. Since II Adiutrix was still predominantly the Marines from which the legion was raised, I don't think it too far fetched that a commander of Agricola's caliber would have noted their usefulness in this regard. It is possible, though entirely speculative, that elements of this legion may have been used in some of the coastal harrying attacks of the campaigns.  What is not speculative is that II Adiutrix built the fortress at Deva in Britain during this time.